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  • James COX[1, 2, 3, 4]

    Male 1763 - 1842  (79 years)


    Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

    • Name James COX 
      Born 24 Feb 1763  Fort Chiswell, Wythe, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4
      Gender Male 
      Died 17 Apr 1842  Grayson County, Virgina Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
      Buried Grayson County, Virgina Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
      Person ID I6677  Blecha/McDaniel
      Last Modified 30 Dec 2011 

      Father Capt. John COX,   b. 25 Jan 1739, McDowell's Mill, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Dec 1818, Scottville, Ashe, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
      Mother Margaret DAVIS,   b. 21 May 1736, Wilkes County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Dec 1806, Captain John Cox's Farm, Ashe County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
      Married 1762  [5
      Family ID F2334  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

      Family 1 Elizabeth ROBERTSON,   b. 24 Feb 1753, Ashe, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Nov 1814, Grayson County, Virgina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years) 
      Married 15 May 1782  [3
      Children 
      +1. John COX,   b. 4 Mar 1784, Grayson County, Virgina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Feb 1863, Wolfe County, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
       2. Susannah COX,   b. 1 Dec 1785, Mongomery Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location
       3. Joshua COX,   b. 1 Apr 1787, Mongomery Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location
       4. Mary Elizabeth COX,   b. 10 Jul 1789, Mongomery Co., VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Dec 1853, Lawrence Co., IN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
       5. Catherine COX,   b. 2 Jun 1792, Wythe, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jan 1864, Alleghany Co., NC Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)
       6. Hiram COX,   b. 8 Apr 1794, Wythe, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location
      +7. Solomon COX,   b. 14 Dec 1795, Wythe Co., Virgina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Jul 1887, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years)
       8. James Robertson COX,   b. 2 Jun 1798, Wythe Co., Virgina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Mar 1847, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)
      Family ID F2333  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

      Family 2 Sarah FIELDER,   b. 9 Aug 1778, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1855, Grayson County, Virgina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 78 years) 
      Married 14 Feb 1815  [3
      Family ID F2353  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    • Event Map
      Link to Google MapsBorn - 24 Feb 1763 - Fort Chiswell, Wythe, VA Link to Google Earth
      Link to Google MapsDied - 17 Apr 1842 - Grayson County, Virgina Link to Google Earth
      Link to Google MapsBuried - - Grayson County, Virgina Link to Google Earth
       = Link to Google Earth 

    • Albums
      Revolutionary War Veteran: James Cox 1763-1842
      Revolutionary War Veteran: James Cox 1763-1842 (10)
      Overview and documentation for the Revolutionary War Service of James Cox
       Living
      (At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.)

    • Notes 

      • James Cox of Grayson County, VA
        James Cox, son of Capt. John COX & Margaret DAVIS, was born Feb. 24, 1763, in Botetourt Co., VA, and died Apr. 17, 1842, in Ashe Co., NC. He married (1) Mrs. Elizabeth Terrill, the widow of Timothy TERRILL, May 15, 1782 (her maiden name is unknown). She was born Feb. 24, 1753, probably in Virginia, and died Nov. 1, 1814, in Grayson Co., VA. He married (2) Sarah Fielder, Feb. 14, 1815. She was born Aug. 9, 1778, in Virginia, and died after 1855 in Grayson Co., VA.
        Children of James Cox & Elizabeth:
        1. John Cox, b. Mar. 4, 1784, Montgomery Co., VA; d. Nov. 1, 1814, Morgan Co., KY; m. Judith Ann SEXTON (b. Apr. 15, 1782; d. ?); bur. Cox Cemetery, Hazel Green, Morgan Co., KY.
        2. Susannah Cox, b. Dec. 1, 1785, Montgomery Co., VA; m. unk. REEVES.
        3. Joshua Cox, Apr. 1, 1787, Montgomery Co., VA, or maybe July 10, 1778 (sources conflict); m. Mary Elizabeth CANNADY.
        4. Mary Elizabeth Cox, b. July 10, 1789, Montgomery Co., VA; d. Dec. 1853, Lawrence Co., IN; m. Edward EDWARDS, son of Young EDWARDS, Sr., abt. 1812 (b. abt. 1786; d. Sept. 1838).
        5. +Catherine Cox, b. June 2, 1792, Wythe Co., VA; d. Jan. 20, 1864, Alleghany Co., NC; m. Young EDWARDS, Jr., son of Young EDWARDS, Sr., abt. 1811 (b. Jan. 28, 1781; d. Jan. 22, 1864); bur. Isom Edwards Cemetery, Hooker, Alleghany Co., NC.
        6. Hiram Cox, b. Apr. 8, 1794, Wythe Co., VA; d. in Kentucky.
        7. Solomon Cox, b. Dec. 14, 1795, Wythe Co., VA; d. in Kentucky; m. Mary Ann SEXTON.
        8. James Robertson Cox, b. June 2, 1798, Wythe Co., VA; d. Mar. 29, 1847, in Kentucky; m. Sarah unknown (b. abt. 1790; d. aft. 1850, Grayson Co., VA) (I have also seen his wife identified as Elizabeth BELCHER). Daughter married Elijah COLLINS.
        Step-children (children of Timothy & Elizabeth Terrill):
        1. Hezekiah Terrill, b. abt. 1770, Botetourt Co., VA. Moved to Kentucky.
        2. William Terrill, b. Apr. 25, 1773, Botetourt Co., VA.
        3. Elizabeth Terrill, b. abt. 1774, Botetourt Co., VA; m. Jesse REEVES, son of George REEVES, Sr., & Jane BURTON (b. 1760; d. Sept. 10, 1833).
        4. Obediah Terrill, b. Sept. 3, 1774, Botetourt Co., VA.
        5. Sarah Ann Terrill, b. Aug. 10, 1776, Botetourt Co., VA; m. William REEVES, son of George REEVES, Sr., & Jane BURTON.
        6. Lucy Terrill, b. Sept. 4, 1780, Montgomery Co., VA; d. Nov. 23, 1852, Grayson Co., VA; m. John COX, son of David COX, Sr., & Margaret Ann MCGOWAN, abt. 1798 (b. Apr. 4, 1774; d. Jan. 29, 1856).

        Notes
        James Cox, son of Capt. John Cox, was born in Fort Chiswell, Virginia, in 1763. Fort Chiswell was located in what was originally the southern part of Botetourt County, VA. This area became Montgomery County in 1777, Wythe County in 1790, and Grayson County in 1793. James Cox served his father as an "Indian spy" during the Revolutionary War. He applied for a pension in 1832 (NARA Pension File No. R2412, see below), but his application was rejected because he could not show that he had served six months in a regularly organized military corps as required by the Pension Act. The Act did not contemplate the sort of guerilla warfare that James had engaged in. In a letter dated August 22, 1833, the Pension Office explained, "The alleged service of the applicant cannot be considered a military service in the meaning of the Act of June 7, 1832."
        James' widow, Sarah Cox, applied for a widow's pension in 1855. She testified that her maiden name was Sarah FIELDER, she married James Cox on January 4, 1815, and James Cox died on April 17, 1842, in Grayson County, VA. Mrs. Cox spent several fruitless years trying to convince the Pension Office to grant her application. James Cox's file in the National Archives contains over 100 pages of documents, including numerous supporting declarations and letters submitted over the years on behalf of both James Cox and Sarah Cox. A number of individuals from Grayson and Ashe counties testified that James Cox was a soldier in the Revolution, including his brother Joshua COX, Benjamin PHIPPS, Charles COLE, Jonathan THOMAS, Jesse RAY, John TOLIVER, Henry GAMBILL, and Henry HARDIN. However, the evidence the Pension Office never reversed its decision that James Cox's service was not of a "military character."
        In the book Footprints in the Sands of Time (1900), the Grayson County historian Dr. A.B. Cox wrote that James Cox married "the Widow TERRELL." She was probably the widow of Timothy TERRILL of Ashe County, NC, who was killed by Indians while exploring Tennesse in 1781. (His death is described in The Annals of Tennessee (1853), p.455.) Her first name (Elizabeth) and birth date (Feb. 24, 1753) are reportedly from a Bible that at one time was in the possession of Mrs. W.H. Welch of Lansing, Michigan. According to the Terrill family, Timothy's wife remarried and lived in Grayson County, VA. Some of the family later moved to Kentucky. (Source Terrill Website by John Terrill Wayland Jr.) James Cox's Revolutionary War pension file in the National Archives contains an interesting letter from Mrs. W.H. Welch, dated July 18, 1932:

        Records
        1793 Tax List, Wythe Co.,VA: JAMES COX, 1 tithe, 1 horse
        1800 Tax List, Grayson Co., VA: JAMES COX, 1 male over 21, 5 horses, 3 slaves over 16
        1805 Tax List, Grayson Co., VA: JAMES COX, 1 w/m over 16, 3 blacks over 16, 5 horses.
        1810 Tax List, Grayson Co., VA: JAMES COX, 1 white titheable, 3 slaves over 12, 4 horses.
        1820 Census, Grayson Co., VA, p.44: JAMES COX
        1 w/m 10-15 1 w/f under 10
        1 w/m 16-25 1 w/f 26-45
        1 w/m over 45
        1 slave
        1828 Tax List, Grayson Co., VA: JAMES COX, 1 white tithe, 2 black tithes, 1 slave over 16, 4 horses
        1830 Census, Grayson Co., VA, p.250: JAMES COX
        1 w/m 10-14 2 w/f 10-14
        1 w/m 20-29 1 w/f 30-39
        1 w/m 60-69; 1 w/f 50-59
        1835 Tax List, Grayson Co., VA: JAMES COX, 1 white tithe, 1 horse.
        1840 Census, Grayson Co., VA, Western Dist., p.324: JAMES COX
        1 w/m 70-79 1 w/f 60-69
        Pension Application of James Cox
        Extracted from the Grayson Co., VA, Court Order Book
        and checked against the NARA Pension File
        Source: New River Notes
        NARA Pension File No. R2412
        State of Virginia
        Grayson County


        On this 24th day of September 1832 personally appeared in open Court, before the Justices of the Court of Grayson now sitting James COX a resident of Grayson County & State of Virginia aged 69 years & 7 months, who being first duly sworn according to Law, doth, on his oath, make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.
        That he entered the service of the United States under Capt. John COX at the age of 15 or 16 and assisted in building a fort on New River, near the mouth of Peach Bottom Creek, in the year 1778 and from that time until the year 1780 he acted as an Indian Spy for the said Capt. John COX, and from his intimate knowledge of the country, was upon every occasion sent as a pilot to conduct those who were unacquainted with the mountains, in safety to where the different parties had their encampments. The tories about this time or about the time the British were invading North & South Carolina, became very troublesome in the county where he was (having but very few neighbours who were not tories) and those, with those of the adjoining State of North Carolina, would frequently assemble themselves & overrun the country. The declarants father, the aforesaid Capt. John COX, Enoch OSBORNE & his family, Benjamin PHIPPS, Peter HUNT [or Peter HART], & William HARDIN were the only whigs who would render any assistance when required. In this situation, surrounded by tories, the declarant and a few others had to combat the whole neighbourhood, and when they found themselves too weak, the declarant was sent by the said Capt. John COX, his father, as an express [?] to Col. Benjamin CLEVELAND who was stationed on the Yadkin River near where the town of Wilksboro has been since built, to inform him of the fact that the tories were collecting in large bodies in the mountains shortly after his return from Col. CLEVELANDS camp he was taken prisoner by the tories who intended to take & deliver him to the British, but in the mean time Col. CLEVELAND and Majr LOVE had joined their forces and overtook the tories at a place called the big Glade, now in Grayson County Va. The tories when they discovered the whigs determined to seek safety by flight and in their terror forgot the declarant who availed himself of the opportunity and immediately run with all speed to the whigs and informed them of what the tories had done, the whigs then pursued them, wounded some and took others prisoners whip'd or flogged several severely, & hanged one man where the declarant now lives.
        After this the declarants father Capt. John COX being on an expedition against the Indians, the tories under a Capt. GREEN made another ascension into the mountains and the declarant raised his fathers company and pursued the tories under GREEN, & killed & made prisoners of GREEN & his entire company. GREEN afterwards died of his wounds, and only one of the said company survived; this was a brother of the said GREEN, who afterwards enlisted in the Regular army of the United States. Sometime after this affair, a certain Capt. ROBERTS, of the tory party, came into the neighborhood with a company of Six Hessians, and this declarant with Majr LOVE pursued them into Carolina near the head of new River, determined to overtake them, but Capt Baker of North Carolina had heard of them, got in before the declarant & his party, overtook, killed & wounded the whole party except ROBERTS, their Capt, who made his escape. This declarant does not now recollect the precise time he was engaged in the War of the revolution, but he is very certain that he served under his father Capt. John COX, and Majr William LOVE, as an Indian Spy, for the term of 2 years and that he was engaged under the same officers, against the tories for 2 years more making in all 4 years service.

        This applicant was born in Fort Chisal [Chiswell], in the County of Wythe then Botetourt & afterwards Montgomery County Feby 24th 1763. He has a record of his age in a large family bible which was given to the declarant by his father. He lived in Montgomery County Virginia when he entered the service, now Grayson County Virginia where he has lived ever since the War of the revolution, and where he now lives.
        He was a volunteer during the whole service. There was no regular officers in the neighborhood. He never had any discharge, indeed his only wish was to conquer & subdue the enemys of his country. He is known to Benjamin PHIPPS & Isaiah AUSTIN contemporary survivors and to John JONES & Charles COLE, who can certify to his character for veracity, and as to their belief of his services in the War of the Revolution. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any State.
        Sworn to & subscribed the day & year aforesaid.
        JAMES COX.

        We Benjamin PHIPPS residing in the County of Grayson and Charles COLE residing the same County, hereby Certify that we are well acquainted with James COX, who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration, that we believe him to be 79 [sic] years & 7 months of age; that he is reputed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the revolution, and that we concur in that opinion.
        Sworn, and subscribed, the day & year aforesaid.
        Benjamin PHIPPS, his mark
        Charles COLE

        And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion, after the investigation of the matter, and after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the War Department, that the above named applicant was a revolutionary soldier and served as he states. And the Court further certifies that it appears to them that Benjamin PHIPPS and Charles COLE who have signed the preceeding certificate, are residents of Grayson County Virginia, that they are credible persons, and that their statement is entitled to credit.



        1810 United States Federal Census 1810 United States Federal Census
        Name: James Cox
        County: Wythe
        State: Virginia
        Free White Males Under 10: 2
        Free White Males 10 to 15: 1
        Free White Males 45 and Over: 1
        Free White Females Under 10: 2
        Free White Females 10 to 15: 1
        Free White Females 26 to 44: 1
        Number of Household Members Under 16: 6
        Number of Household Members Over 25: 2
        Number of Household Members: 8

        Source Citation: Year: 1810; Census Place: , Wythe, Virginia; Roll: 71; Page: 277; Family History Number: 0181431; Image: 00541.


        1820 United States Federal Census 1820 United States Federal Census
        Name: James Cox
        County: Grayson
        State: Virginia
        Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
        Free White Males - 10 thru 15: 1
        Free White Males - 16 thru 25: 1
        Free White Males - 45 and over: 1
        Free White Females - Under 10: 1
        Free White Females - 26 thru 44: 1
        Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture: 1
        All Other Persons Except Indians not Taxed: 11
        Free White Persons - Under 16: 2
        Free White Persons - Over 25: 2
        Total Free White Persons: 5
        Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 16

        Source Citation: 1820 U S Census: , Grayson, Virginia, Page: 44; NARA Roll: M33_131; Image: 61.


        1830 United States Federal Census 1830 United States Federal Census
        Name: James Cox
        Home in 1830: , Grayson, Virginia
        View Map
        Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14: 1
        Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 29: 1
        Free White Persons - Males - 60 thru 69: 1
        Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 14: 2
        Free White Persons - Females - 30 thru 39: 1
        Free White Persons - Females - 50 thru 59: 1
        Slaves - Males - 10 thru 23: 1
        Free White Persons - Under 20: 3
        Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 2
        Total Free White Persons: 7
        Total Slaves: 1
        Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 8

        Source Citation: 1830 U S Census: , Grayson, Virginia, Page: 250; NARA Roll: M19-190; Family History Film: 0029669.


        1840 United States Federal Census 1840 United States Federal Census
        Name: James Cox
        County: Grayson
        State: Virginia
        Free White Persons - Males - 70 thru 79: 1
        Free White Persons - Females - 60 thru 69: 1
        Total - All Persons (Free White, Free Colored, Slaves): 2
        Persons Employed in Agriculture: 1
        Total Free White Persons: 2
        Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 2

        Source Citation: Year: 1840; Census Place: , Grayson, Virginia; Roll: 555; Page: ; Image: 657; Family History Library Film: 0029685.

    • Sources 
      1. [S933] Hardwick Salyer Family Tree on Ancestry.com by Philip Craig.

      2. [S934] Adkins Family Tree on Ancestry.com.

      3. [S939] Cheek Family of Allegany County, NC.

      4. [S991] Capt. John Cox Family Bible, As transcribed by Mrs. William Everett Bach in the newspaper article "Cox Family of Virginia, Kentucky" in 1965 as compiled in the article "Clippings from the Licking Valley Courier" by Georgia Taylor in 1989.

      5. [S955] Find a Grave.com.


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